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Last Updated: Sep 11, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

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Academic Honesty and IB

According to the IBO, Academic honesty must be seen as a set of values and skills that promote personal integrity and 
good practice in research, learning and assessment. Attribution is a necessity.

Academic Honesty. IBO, 2014. Web. 10 Oct. 2014. <>


Kindly consult ISA's Student Handbook regarding the Aademic Honesty Policy (page 13). You may access the digital handbook HERE.


Malpractice and IB

"Malpractice includes:
• plagiarism: this is defined as the representation of the ideas or work of another person as the 
candidate’s own
• collusion: this is defined as supporting malpractice by another candidate, as in allowing one’s 
work to be copied or submitted for assessment by another
• duplication of work: this is defined as the presentation of the same work for different 
assessment components and/or diploma requirements
• any other behaviour that gains an unfair advantage for a candidate or that affects the results 
of another candidate (for example, taking unauthorized material into an examination room, 
misconduct during an examination, falsifying a CAS record)."

Academic Honesty. IBO, 2014. Web. 10 Oct. 2014.


Research Integrity and Attribution Integrity

Reasons for Attribution:

  1. To avoid PLAGIARISM: While a bibliography does not prevent plagiarism, it is an important tool in avoiding plagiarism.
  2. BUILDING on research:  Pertinent information is gleaned from the ideas of those who came before, and a researcher then produces new knowledge by integrating the ideas of others with her own conclusions. This is the scholarly research process.
  3. TRACING research: According to Joseph Gibaldi, the author of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, “in presenting their work, researchers generously acknowledge their debts to predecessors by carefully documenting each source so that earlier contributions receive appropriate credit” (104). This is the basis for all scholarship. It is important that researchers give credit so readers can trace the ideas presented back to the sources.
  4. CONTRIBUTING ideas: Your contribution, as a student, to disciplinary knowledge is the unique ways you interpret and synthesize the words, thoughts, and ideas of authorities. In fact, giving credit to experts and authoritative sources gives your conclusions validity that cannot be achieved by simply stating one's own opinions.
  5. LOCATING additional research: And that is another reason for citations: it allows readers to access the cited materials if they are performing research on that topic.

Generalities Surrounding Citations:

1. At the heart of research is the building of new knowledge on the basis of older knowledge. Citations to sources identify you as a scholar, highlight the elements that are your original work, and place your work into the context of a discipline.

2. Cite others' work whether you quote, paraphrase, summarize or borrow ideas from the work, and regardless of the media or format of the work.

3. A citation will usually include author, title, and publication information. The layout and format of the citation will vary by discipline and by the media or format of the cited work.

Jim T. Nichols. "The 3 Directions: Situated Information Literacy." 2009. Web. 30 Oct. 2014. <>



Understand Plaigarism

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