1. Identify and Develop Your Topic
2. Find the Context: Background Information on Your Topic
3. Find Sources (Books, Sound or Video Recordings, Articles in Journals, News Sources, Magazines)
4. Evaluate What You Find
5. Cite What You Find
IB & Academic Honesty
Academic honesty must be seen as a set of values and skills that promote personal integrity and
good practice in research, learning and assessment. Attribution is a necessity.
Academic Honesty. IBO, 2014. Web. 10 Oct. 2014. <http://occ.ibo.org/ibis/documents/general/specific_interest/malpractice/g_0_malpr_sup_0707_1_e.pdf>
See ISA's Academic Honesty Policy on page 40 of the student handbook HERE.
Malpractice and the IB
• plagiarism: this is defined as the representation of the ideas or work of another person as the
• collusion: this is defined as supporting malpractice by another candidate, as in allowing one’s
work to be copied or submitted for assessment by another
• duplication of work: this is defined as the presentation of the same work for different
assessment components and/or diploma requirements
• any other behaviour that gains an unfair advantage for a candidate or that affects the results
of another candidate (for example, taking unauthorized material into an examination room,
misconduct during an examination, falsifying a CAS record)."
Academic Honesty. IBO, 2014. Web. 10 Oct. 2014. http://occ.ibo.org/ibis/documents/general/specific_interest/malpractice/g_0_malpr_sup_0707_1_e.pdf
How to Conduct Effective Research with Academic Honesty?
- To avoid PLAGIARISM: While a bibliography does not prevent plagiarism, it is an important tool in avoiding plagiarism.
- BUILDING on research: Pertinent information is gleaned from the ideas of those who came before, and a researcher then produces new knowledge by integrating the ideas of others with her own conclusions. This is the scholarly research process.
- TRACING research: According to Joseph Gibaldi, the author of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, “in presenting their work, researchers generously acknowledge their debts to predecessors by carefully documenting each source so that earlier contributions receive appropriate credit” (104). This is the basis for all scholarship. It is important that researchers give credit so readers can trace the ideas presented back to the sources.
- CONTRIBUTING ideas: Your contribution, as a student, to disciplinary knowledge is the unique ways you interpret and synthesize the words, thoughts, and ideas of authorities. In fact, giving credit to experts and authoritative sources gives your conclusions validity that cannot be achieved by simply stating one's own opinions.
- LOCATING additional research: And that is another reason for citations: it allows readers to access the cited materials if they are performing research on that topic.
Generalities Surrounding Citations:
1. At the heart of research is the building of new knowledge on the basis of older knowledge. Citations to sources identify you as a scholar, highlight the elements that are your original work, and place your work into the context of a discipline.
2. Cite others' work whether you quote, paraphrase, summarize or borrow ideas from the work, and regardless of the media or format of the work.
3. A citation will usually include author, title, and publication information. The layout and format of the citation will vary by discipline and by the media or format of the cited work.
Jim T. Nichols. "The 3 Directions: Situated Information Literacy." 2009. Web. 30 Oct. 2014. <http://crl.acrl.org/content/70/6/515.full.pdf>